Acne Scar Specialists & Treatments – Windsor, ON
Acne scars form when acne breakouts penetrate deeply into the skin. When the acne clears, the body tries to repair the damage by producing collagen, a substance that gives the skin support. If the body produces too little or too much collagen during the healing process, a scar can form.
There are two main types of acne scars: depressed and raised. Depressed acne scars occur when the body produces too little collagen, resulting in an indentation in the surface of the skin (atrophic scars). Raised acne scars occur when the body produces too much collagen, causing a raised area on the surface of the skin.(hypertrophic scars).
Some factors that can increase the risk of developing acne scars include having inflammatory acne (such as cysts and nodules), delaying or not treating inflammatory acne, picking or squeezing acne, and having a family history of acne scars. It’s important to treat acne early and effectively to reduce the risk of scarring.
There are several treatments available for atrophic acne scars. We start with topical retinoids as Dr. Tan’s research has demonstrated clearance of some atrophic acne scars if used within 3-6 mths of their development. Additional treatments include subcision, fillers, used in conjunction with radiofrequency microneedling or a resurfacing laser to tighten the skin. The subcision stimulates collagen and will lift the depression1. Other treatments include chemical peels, and punch excision treatments. The best treatment for atrophic scars may vary depending on the individual’s skin type, preference, budget, and availability of the treatment.