Vascular And Pigmentation Treatments

Skin pigmentation is the color of your skin, which is determined by the amount and type of melanin, a pigment produced by specialized skin cells called melanocytes. Changes in melanin production can cause pigment disorders, such as hyperpigmentation (dark spots), hypopigmentation (light spots), or depigmentation (white spots or patches).

Here we discuss possible causes and treatments for hyperpigmentation of the skin:

– Sun exposure, which can trigger the production of more melanin to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, can lead to freckles, larger brown marks called lentigines, and patchy marks called melasma.

– Skin inflammation (eg. from acne, trauma, dermatitis) in darker individuals can lead to pigmented marks due to damage to melanocytes and other skin cells resulting in release of pigment deeper into the skin.

– Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, menopause, or birth control pills, can affect the balance of hormones that influence melanin production An increase risk of pigmentation particularly melasma.

There are various treatments available to help with skin pigmentation disorders, depending on the type, severity, and location of the problem. Some of the common treatments are:

Sun Protection / Sunscreen

Sun protection with high SPF in broad spectrum sunscreens including tint for darker complected individuals can prevent further damage from sun exposure and help maintain the results of other treatments. 

Creams, Gels or Serums

Topical agents, such as creams, gels, or serums that contain ingredients that can lighten or brighten the skin, such as hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, vitamin C, niacinamide, or licorice extract. Newer ingredients are being developed and will soon be available.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels, applied to the skin to remove the top layer of dead skin cells,  help to reveal a smoother and more even complexion 

IPL Treatment For Pigmentation

Intense pulsed light (IPL), which is a device that emits pulses of light that target and break down the pigment in the skin 

Laser Treatment For Pigmentation

Laser resurfacing, which is a procedure that uses a laser beam to vaporize the damaged skin cells and stimulate the growth of new collagen and elastin 


Cryotherapy, which is a procedure that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy the abnormal pigment cells

It is important to consult with a dermatologist before starting any treatment for skin pigmentation disorders. They can diagnose the cause and type of your condition and recommend the best treatment option for you. They can also monitor your progress and adjust your treatment plan as needed.